Playwright, novelist and essayist Tawfiq Al-Hakim, was born in 1898 in Alexandria, Egypt to an Egyptian landowning father and an aristocratic Turkish mother. He studied law in Cairo, graduating in 1925, and then continued his studies in Paris. Following his return from France, he worked as a deputy prosecutor in Alexandria, combining his legal work with writing. He also worked as a journalist Akhbar al-Yom newspaper, and as a manager of the Egyptian National Library. In 1956 the then Egyptian president Nasir, appointed Hakim to the Supreme Council for the Arts and he later represented Egypt at UNESCO Paris. Although he wrote novels, poems and essays, he is best remembered as a prolific playwright who played a key role in the development of Arabic drama. He died in 1987.


Title Date Publisher
Fate of a Cockroach and Four Plays of Freedom 1973 Heinemann Educational
Plays, Prefaces and Postscripts of Tawfiq Al-Hakim: Theater of the Mind Vol 1 1981 Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc
Plays, Prefaces and Postscripts of Tawfiq Al-Hakim: Theater of Society Vol 2 1984 Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc
The Tree Climber: a Play in Two Acts 1985 Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc
The Essential Tawfiq al-Hakim 2008 The American University in Cairo Press

Critical sources

Title Date Publisher